Touring Racing Cars
Touring Racing Car
One of the most popular types of automobile racing in Europe is touring car racing. Unlike the high-cost vehicles used in other forms of racing such as Formula one, touring race cars retain a strong resemblance to their streetcar counterparts. This is true both of their body style and their drivetrain.
In fact, it is the performance restrictions placed on touring race cars which define this form of racing. For instance, in the FIA World Touring Car Championship series, the maximum engine size for all vehicles is 2000 cc. Also, all touring cars must retain the capability to seat the driver along with three passengers, although only the driver is in the vehicle during the race. Further, all cars must use the same fuel and air delivery system that is used on the factory stock street car. Although these restrictions limit the performance of touring race cars, they do succeed in keeping the cars close to their street car cousins.
Touring Racing Car
Despite these limitations, touring race cars are still incredibly powerful and fast. Modern touring race cars produce around 280 bhp at 8,500 rpm. This level of performance is accomplished in a four-cylinder engine with twin over-head camshafts, four valves per cylinder, and compression ratio of 11:1. Unlike the fuel and air-intake systems, there are no regulations for the car’s ignition system—any type of spark-plug, ignition coil, and rev limiter can be used. Also, the engine’s cylinder-head must be the same as the cylinder-head found on the stock street car, but the intake and exhaust ports can be machined to increase performance.
There are several different circuits of touring car racing, but they all enjoy a strong fan base in Europe. Touring car racing is fast paced and fun, and because the cost of running a race team is kept low, the race can always be won by a long shot maverick.