Formula One Racing Cars
Engineers for Formula one race cars design the cars aerodynamically so the car can reach the maximum speed possible, use less gas, while still being able to handle the turns on the track. These race cars have a down force. Down force keeps the tires on the track when approaching dangerous turns.
The brakes that are used are not the same kind of brakes that are on regular motor vehicles. Formula one race cars use carbon fiber discs that are able to operate under the most extreme temperatures. The brakes don't warp and weigh less than brakes on conventional vehicles.
The monocoque, French for "single shell," is the body of the car. It not only supports the weight of the driver, but it also supports the engine and front suspension. The engine has to be lightweight, for the handling of the vehicle, but also possess the power to be able to reach the car's maximum speed.
The transmission is semi-automatic. It has seven forward gears and one reverse gear. The driver is able to control these gears by using paddles that are located on the back of the steering wheel. Electro-hydraulics control the clutch, gear changes, and the throttle. The steering wheel can also controls the fuel/air mix and changes the pressure on the brakes.
The tires are manufactured and distributed from only one dealer. one set of tires last for only one race and require a special mixture of air in order for the car to qualify for a race.
Last, but certainly not least, is fuel. Every race team have different combinations when it comes to fuel, but the fuel is only allowed to contain components that are used in motor vehicle gasoline. What combination is used depends on performance in different weather conditions at any given circuit.